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                           Mineral of the Month--August 2010

                              Copper

                                                         (Cuprum)

                                        Cu

 

                                              

 

Copper Picfest!

                                                 By Ken Casey

Preface
Introduction
A Brief History
Copper Picfest!
Uses
Links
Members' Gallery
Article Contributors
Photo & Graphics Credits
Suggested Reading
Invitation to Members
Past Minerals of the Month
 
 

It's malleability and ductility...

 

...give Copper it's usefulness!

(Above): Native Copper specimen from the Bill Severance collection
(Photo by Ken Casey)

Preface    

     Welcome to Summer at DMS!  We’ll be taking a break from our regular series
until the Fall.  Please do join us for a Copper Picfest!

     So, get ready for a look at this most common metal with this month's favorite: Copper!  Let's go!

 

Introduction

     Welcome to another annual Mineral Picfest summer article! 

     We’re going ‘native’ this Summer with our Mineral Pictfests! In June, we honored Gold. In July
we are featured Tellurium. August brings our short theme to a close with Copper. Enjoy!

 

A Brief History

     It's reddish metallic hue and sheen is unmistakeable. In its native form, Copper can be easily
identified by non-rockhounds and novices. From time immemorial, Copper crystals can be half
the age of the Earth. And, objects crafted from such metal have stood the test of time.

     Though Copper corrodes to a greenish-blue, even the weathered surface has an appeal to
people all around the globe. It's intrinsic value increases the more our societies find new uses for
this versatile element. It's cultural value is significant, even as common as this material might be.

     We can craft if easily by hand or machine. Our global communication relies on Copper for
some aspects of hard-wired technology. Most civilized nations have this metal as part of it's
infrastructure as statues, electric wires, in karat gold jewelry, and in transportation systems. 

     How about a Copper Anniversary? If you live in Delaware, or anywhere else, you can celebrate
any 7th Anniversary with gifts of copper, such as cookware or jewelry. Heck, you might even
want to rewire your house in copper cable to celebrate! I did.

     Other traditional anniversaries have Copper hidden in its symbolic gifts. The 8th (Bronze),
25th (silver), and 50th (Gold) include Copper as a constituent of the celebrated alloy. In modern
times, the 5th (Silverware) and 14th (Gold Jewelry) join in the list of cupric items.

 

You probably already know that Copper is an important metal in karat gold alloys. Yup, the karat, abrreviated 'K', when stamped on jewelry, is the proportional measure of Gold to other metals.in the alloy. Pure Gold is 24K; whereas, a common alloy is 14K. 14K equals 14 parts Gold and 10 part another metal, such as Copper. So, beyond Copper's use in pennies, it holds a place of value in our jewelry, as well. So, enjoy Copper and the photos below.

 

   

 

 

 

Copper Picfest!

 

      
Native Copper
(Photo by Vin Callcut)

Native Copper, Arizona

Native Copper Crystals, Michigan
(Photo by A. E. Seaman Museum)
Elongated Tetrahexahedral Copper Crystals, Michigan
(Photo by John A. Jaszczak)
Native Copper Crystals, Arizona
(Photo by Rob Lavinsky, wikipedia.org)
Native Copper Nugget
(Photo by kinderpedia.com)

Native Copper Crystals, Michigan
(Photo by Isaias Casanova, IC Minerals)

Native Copper Crystal, Michigan
(Photo by Isaias Casanova, IC Minerals)
Native Copper, Arizona
(Photo by Isaias Casanova, IC Minerals)
Native Copper Crystal Cluster, Namibia
(Photo by Isaias Casanova, IC Minerals)
Native Copper
(Photo by Penny Morton)
Native Copper, USA
(Photo by USGS)
 
Copper Nugget   Copper Sheet, Arizona
(Photo by Glendale Community College)
 
Native Copper, Michigan
(Photo by Ken Casey)
  Native Copper in dolomitic siltstone
(Photo by Grant from Outback Rover Adventures)
 
Native Copper, Cuprite, Azurite, Malachite
  Cubed-Hoppered Copper Crystals
(Photo by John A. Jaszczak)
 
Complex Copper Crystals, Michigan
(Photo by John A. Jaszczak)
  Copper Crystals, Michigan
(Photo by John A. Jaszczak)
 
Copper Crystal Assemblage, Michigan
(Photo by John A. Jaszczak)
  Dendritic Copper, Michigan
(Photo by John A. Jaszczak)
 
Copper Nuggets   Copper Crystal Mimetolith
(Photo by R. V. Dietrich)
 
Native Copper
(Photo by James Madison University)
  Octahedral Copper Crystal
(Photo by John A. Jaszczak)
   
Native Copper Ore, Michigan
(Photo by Smithsonian Institution)
  Wire needles of Native Copper
 
Native Copper, Russia
(Photo by Goren Axelsson)
  Display case of native copper
(Photo by the Georgia Mineral Society)
 
Complex mineral assemblage with Copper, New Jersey
(Photo by Chris's Mineral Collecting Page)
  Complex mineral assemblage with Copper (Under SW UV light), New Jersey
(Photo by Chris's Mineral Collecting Page)

 
Largest Copper Crystal in the World, Upper Peninsula, Michigan
(Photo by Ken Charlebois)
  Table of Copper Ore, Michigan
(Photo by the Georgia Mineral Society)
  Mineralogy class fieldtrip to the Upper Peninsula, Michigan. Students are collecting copper ore, fall semester 1999. (Photo by Dr. Sarah Hanson)
 

Uses

     Copper has so many uses. From jewelry, electronics, artifacts and currency.

     One of the oldest know metals to be smelted, Copper has been useful for millenia, and still
is today.  Once drawn from the earth into simple hand tools, jewelry, and cultural icons, this
extemely 'shapeable' red metal can serve us in a number of ways.

     Today, we employ Copper in chemistry, sophisticated alloys, paints, plumbing, electricity,
electronics, and more.

 

Links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_copper

http://www.galleries.com/minerals/elements/copper/copper.htm

http://www.galleries.com/minerals/elements/copper/copper.htm

http://www.dayooper.com/NativeCopper.htm

http://www.agatelady.com/photo-gallery-mineral-of-the-month-january-2008.html

 

Members' Gallery

Here is where DMS Members can add their Copper photos to share with us.

 
 

Until Next Time

     We hope you have enjoyed our all too short visit to Copper.  Please join us next month,
for another article, and we shall journey together!
     Until then, stay safe, and happy collecting. hardhat2a.gif (5709 bytes)

 

 

Article Contributors

Photo & Graphics Credits

I would like to gratefully acknowledge the generous contributions of our fellow Copper
enthusiasts, collectors, authors, curators, professionals, and club members who made this
work possible. 
Thanks.

 

 


2010  All contributions to this article are covered under the copyright protection of this article
and by separate and several copyright protection(s), and are to be used for the sole purposes of
enjoying this scholarly article.  They are used gratefully with express written permission of the
authors, save for generally-accepted scholarly quotes, short in nature, deemed legal to reference
with the appropriate citation and credit.  Reproduction of this article must be obtained by express
written permission of the author, Kenneth B. Casey, for his contributions, authoring, photos, and
graphics.  Use of all other credited materials requires permission of each contributor separately. 
Links and general contact information are included in the credits above, and throughout this article. 
The advice offered herein are only suggestions; it is the reader's charge to use the information
contained herein responsibly.  DMS is not responsible for misuse or accidents caused from this
article. All opinions, theories, proofs, and views expressed within this article, and in others on this
website, do not necessarily reflect the views of the Delaware Mineralogical Society.
 


Suggested Reading

 

 

KEN.JPG (31503 bytes)

   About the Author:  Ken is current Webmaster and President of the Delaware Mineralogical Society.  He has a diploma in Jewelry Repair, Fabrication & Stonesetting from the Bowman Technical School, Lancaster, PA, and worked as jeweler.  He has also studied geology at the University of Delaware.  And, he is currently a member of the Delaware Mineralogical Society and the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society.  E-mail: kencasey98@yahoo.com.


Invitation to Members

Members,

Want to see your name in print?  Want to co-author, contribute, or author a whole Mineral of the Month article?  Well, this the forum for you!

And Members, if you have pictures, or a story you would like to share, please feel free to offer.  We'd like to post them for our mutual enjoyment.   Of course, you get full photo and author credit, and a chance to reach other collectors, hobbyists, and scientists.  We only ask that you check your facts, give credit where it is due, keep it wholesome for our Junior Members watching, and keep on topic regarding rockhounding.

You don't even have to be experienced in making a webpage.  We can work together to publish your story.  A handwritten short story with a Polaroid will do.  If you do fancier, a text document with a digital photo will suit, as well.   Sharing is the groundwork from which we can get your story out there.

Our club's webpages can reach any person surfing the net in the world, and even on the International Space Station, if they have a mind to view our website!

We are hoping for a possible tie-in to other informative programs upon which our fellow members might want to collaborate.  Contact any officer or board member with your suggestions.

Our next MOTM will be a surprise.  For 2010 and beyond, we are waiting for your suggestions.  What mineral do you want to know more about?

aniagate.gif (1920 bytes)

____________________________________

Most of the Mineral of the Month selections have come from most recent club fieldtrips and March Show Themes, and from inspriring world locales. thus far.  If you have a suggestion for a future Mineral of the Month, please e-mail me at: kencasey98@yahoo.com, or tell me at our next meeting.

 

 

Past Minerals of the Month
August 2010 Mineral of the Month: Copper
July 2010 Mineral of the Month: Tellurium
June 2010 Mineral of the Month: Gold
August 2008 Mineral of the Month: Charoite
July 2008 Mineral of the Month: Sugilite
June 2008 Mineral of the Month: Larimar
May 2008 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Hornblende
April 2008 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Biotite Mica
March 2008 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Pegmatites
February 2008 Mineral of the Month: Exotic Pegmatites
January 2008 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Quartz, Part 2
December 2007 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Muscovite Mica
November 2007 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Beryl
October 2007 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Quartz, Part 1
September 2007 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Garnet: Almandite
August 2007 Mineral of the Month: Schorl (Black Tourmaline)
July 2007 Mineral of the Month: Rubellite
June 2007 Mineral of the Month: Elbaite 
May 2007 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Feldspar, Part 2
April 2007 Mineral of the Month: Delaware Feldspar: Plagioclase
March 2007 Mineral of the Month: "The Colors of Fluorite"
February 2007 Mineral of the Month: Pennsylvania Fluorite
January 2007 Mineral of the Month: Sillimanite
December 2006 Mineral of the Month: Hedenbergite by Karissa Hendershot
November 2006 Mineral of the Month: Brandywine Blue Gneiss
October 2006 Mineral of the Month: Spessartite by Karissa Hendershot
September 2006 Mineral of the Month: Native Silver
August 2006 Mineral of the Month: Kryptonite
August 2006 Mineral of the Month: Kryptonite
July 2006 Mineral of the Month: Azurite
June 2006 Mineral of the Month: Pyromorphite
May 2006 Mineral of the Month: Tsavorite by Karissa Hendershot
April 2006 Mineral of the Month: Variscite
March 2006 Mineral of the Month: Petrified Wood, Part II
February 2006 Mineral of the Month: Petrified Wood, Part I
January 2006 Mineral of the Month: Strontianite by Karissa Hendershot
December Mineral of the Month: Clinozoisite
November Mineral of the Month: Bismuth
October Mineral of the Month: Wulfenite by Karissa Hendershot
September Mineral of the Month: Turquoise
August Mineral of the Month: Peridot
July Mineral of the Month: Ruby
June Mineral of the Month: Antarctic Fluorite
May Mineral of the Month: Dolomite, Part 2
April Mineral of the Month: Dolomite, Part 1
March Mineral of the Month: Calcite
February Mineral of the Month: Agate
January Mineral of the Month: Fluorite
December Mineral of the Month: Pyrite
November Mineral of the Month: Stilbite  
October Mineral of the Month: Celestite   
 

This page last updated:  June 23, 2010 09:24:25 PM

 

       

  


Next Meeting
 

April Program, Monday, April 8, 2013:

"Destruction of the Fossil Exposures in the Chesapeake Bay Area" presented by Dr. Lauck Ward

General Club Meeting:
April 8, 2013
(Monday)

We are meeting at
Greenbank Mill


Special Meetings:
 

*Show Committee Meeting, April or May, 2013

*New Home/Lapidary Committee, 2013

*Board Meeting,  April, 2013

Next Field Trips
 

Fieldtrips!

Past Fieldtrips
 

Next Show
DMS March Show
March 1-2, 2014 at DelTech Stanton

 


Our 2013 Show Theme was:
"All That Glitters is as Good as Gold!"

March Show 2013 Report

Updates!

 

 

 
Articles

 

Fossil Forum


"Dinny, the Dino"

"Belemnites are coming"

 

MOTM June also commemorates our 50th Show!

It's shiny, yellow, and is a symbol of 50 Years!Can you guess?

Past MOTM

Collecting Adventure Stories:

"Sunny Brook Crick Goethite" by Joe Dunleavy